Getting started with GitLab

From mi-linux
Jump to navigationJump to search

Main Page >> GitLab server >> 1. Getting started with GitLab

Signing in

You can sign in using your usual university credentials. Make sure that you select the "LDAP" tab on the "Sign in" screen:


Creating a project

Your next step is to create a "Project" that will contain your work. Click on the "+ New Project" button.


And populate the following fields:

  • Project Name
  • Description
  • Visibility Level

Important: The Visibility Level should be set to "Private" for all assessment-related work. Any other Visibility Level would allow other students to look at and clone your work, which equates to Collusion under the University's Academic Misconduct regulations.

Set the Project's Visibility level to "Private" and then manually invite new project members, via the Project's settings:


In most cases you should set your team members' Project Access Level to "Developer", more information here: Project Access Levels

Creating your first repository

When visiting your project's homepage you are presented with some Git commands that you should run to create your first repository. Please note that you get 2 access options:

  • SSH

We'll look that HTTPS for now, so click on the "HTTPS" button near the top.

Git commands

Your project's homepage should contain commands similars to these ones.

Please use your own details, these are mine, and only included here as an example!

Git global setup

git config --global "1934419"
git config --global ""

Create a new repository


git init
C:\Users\HP\Desktop\fashion git.nit\Users\HP\Desktop\fashion\images (13).jpg\Users\HP\Desktop\fashion\images (22).jpg\Users\HP\Desktop\fashion\download (8).jpg\Users\HP\Desktop\fashion\download (8).jpg\Users\HP\Desktop\fashion\images (4).jpg\Users\HP\Desktop\fashion\images (11).jpg\Users\HP\Desktop\fashion\download (12).jpg\Users\HP\Desktop\fashion\images (1).jpg

git add C:\Users\HP\Desktop\fashion
git commit -n "first commit"

git remote add origin sandeep
git push -u origin master
C:\Users\HP\Desktop\fashion\FASHION LIFESTYLE WEBSITE_files

Push an existing Git repository

cd existing_git_repo
git remote add origin
git push -u origin master

You have 3 options in order to run the code above in the MI labs:

  • [Windows] Run "Git Bash", a Git client installed in all MI labs
  • [Windows] SSH into using an SSH client such as Putty
  • [Linux] Boot under Linux, and open a Shell window.

Git commands - details

Let's look at each command in more details:

git config --global "1934419"
git config --global ""

The commands above simply set some global settings (your user name and email address) that are required for this process.

If you omit these you will get the following warning later on:

  • "Your name and email address were configured automatically based on your username and hostname. Please check that they are accurate. You can suppress this message by setting them explicitly."
cd fashion-website-by-sandeep

C:\Users\HP\Desktop\fashion\FASHION LIFESTYLE WEBSITE_files

Well, nothing too difficult here, we simply create an empty folder and move into it. Note that you may wish to move into an existing folder that already contains files instead, like this:

cd public_html
cd php_work

Once you are in the correct place (i.e. where your files are), you type this:

git init

Here is the first important command. git init creates an empty Git repository (on your local system). If the command is successful you should get a message stating "Initialized empty Git repository in ...". This has created a hidden ".git" folder that you can see by running the command "ls -la".


This command simply creates an empty test file called "". This is optional, you don't need to do this if you already have files in there (e.g. PHP files)

git add
git add *.php

Second important command. git add adds a file to the repository's index. We can run this command to add our dummy "" file, or any existing files you may have (see the second command, adding all PHP files in the folder)

Note: If you wish to add files recursively (all files in current folder and all sub-folders), the command is:

git add -A .

Then on to commit:

git commit -m "first commit"

Third important command! git commit records all changes to the local repository. This should be run regularly when your code is in a working, stable state.

Important: for now your changes were only committing to the local repository. To commit them to the central repository you'll need the "push" command below.

Note: It is always considered good practice to include notes and comments when committing code to a repository, so that other developers can read about your update. When using the command line this is done using the -m argument, as demonstrated above.

git remote add origin

This is an optional command that create a "remote", aka an alias (or shortcut) to your lengthy repository's full address. In this case we name it "origin". So from now on we can simply refer to "origin" when working with this repository (see below!)

Note: your repository's address should contain "https://". If it doesn't then your forgot to press the "HTTPS" button earlier.

git push -u origin master

And here is the final important command! git push commits all local changes to the central repository, i.e. "origin", defined in the previous step.

The second parameter is the "branch" you want to commit to. In this case we create a default branch called "master". We'll worry about branches later.

Important: for now you will need to retype your login and password every time you want to push changes to the central repository. We'll get around this later using the SSH method instead of HTTPS.

Has it worked?

If you go back to GitLab (in your browser) and refresh your project's homepage you should now see something similar to this:


We can see 1 commit to our new branch "master". If you click on the "Files" tab at the top you will see the files you pushed earlier. In my case I pushed a file called "home1.html":


Summary of important commands

Whether you use an old fashion command line Git Client or a fancy IDE, it is crucial to understand the process and the various steps required when working with git:

  • git init: Creates an empty Git repository
  • git add: Adds a file to the repository's index
  • git commit: Commits changes to local repository
  • git push: Commits changes to remote repository


Next chapter

Cloning and pulling from GitLab